Tournament of Roses Association was looking for a site that
would be large enough to accommodate the patrons who wished to
see football games.
In 1897, the city of Pasadena had purchased ten acres of land
located in the Arroyo Seco area of Pasadena, CA. This site
turned out to be exactly what the Tournament of Roses
Association needed. In 1921, it was decided that building
should commence, and the structure was built with the south
end open, giving the stadium a "horseshoe" shape. The
intention in designing the stadium was to have as many patrons
sitting as close to the action as possible. The first portion
of the stadium was completed for less money than had been
budgeted, and the seating capacity at the time was 57,000.
The stadium was given the name "Rose Bowl" by a police
reporter named Harlan W. Hall, who had the Yale Bowl in mind
when thinking of how an expanded structure would look.
On October 28, 1922 the first football game was played in the
Rose Bowl with the University of California Bears battling the
University of Southern California Trojans. The Rose Bowl was
officially dedicated on January 1, 1923. The south end of the
stadium was closed in 1929, giving the structure its famous,
sightline-enhancing elliptical shape. With this addition, the
capacity was increased to 76,000. The current official seating
capacity is 92,542.
The Rose Bowl is known mainly for the New Year's Day football
game, but other events have called on the Rose Bowl to host
their events. Besides hosting five NFL Super Bowl Games and
the Men's World Cup in 1994 and the Women's World Cup in 1999,
UCLA football, Major League Soccer (L.A. Galaxy), Fourth of
July celebrations, concerts, religious services, and the
world's largest flea market (R.G. Canning) are just a few more
events that take place at the Rose Bowl.
The Rose Bowl has been and will continue to be the model for
stadiums throughout the nation due to the stadium's continued
emphasis on patron comfort, event scheduling and community